Exam 3 Study Guide

To what extent is the expanded capacity through

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Unformatted text preview: ant. Classification of Memory (02/28 lecture) • How can different types of memory be classified? How are they different from one another? You should also be able to come up with good everyday examples for each type of memory. Key Words: sensory memory; short- term memory (STM); working memory; long- term memory (LTM); declarative vs. nondeclarative memory; episodic memory; semantic memory; procedural memory; flashbulb memory Modal Model of Memory (02/28 lecture) • What is the overall structure of the “modal” model of memory? What are the mechanisms that transfer information from one store to another? What evidence is consistent with the idea that STM and LTM may be structurally separate (i.e., different stores for STM and for LTM)? Key Words: modal model; selective attention; maintenance rehearsal; serial position effect; primacy effect; recency effect Key Experiments: manipulations reducing just the primacy effect or just the recency effect Sensory Memory (02/28 lecture) • What is sensory memory, and what characteristics does it have? In particular, what is the capacity of iconic memory, and how should it be measured, according to Sperling? Key Words: echoic memory; iconic memory; whole report vs. partial report Key Experiment: Sperling’s original whole-...
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