03-12 Lecture Slides (Final)

03-12 Lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 14 Memory 4(False...

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3/12/13 1 Lecture’14:’ Memory’4’(False’Memory’&’ Eyewitness’Testimony)’ PSYC’2145’ Introductory’Cognitive’Psychology’ March’12,’2013’ Announcements n 8 th ’ZAPS’assignment’( Mental’Rotation’ 3-D ),’due’ tomorrow (03/13)’at’8:00’p.m.’ n 3 rd ’mid-term’exam,’scheduled’for’ next’Tuesday’ ( 03/19 )’ ¨ Coverage:’5’lectures’(02/28’to’03/14’lectures),’ZAPS’#5-7,’&’ readings’(Ch.’1,’pp.’16-26,’Ch.’5,’&’Ch.’7)’ ¨ The’study’guide’is’now’available’on’D2L’ ¨ Extra’office’hours’added’for’this’week’and’early’next’week’ (see’the’study’guide)’ n Indicate’which’section’you±re’in’when’you’email’me’ n The’next’(03/14)’class’ ¨ Topic:’“Recovered”’memory;’Emotion’and’memory’ ¨ Readings’for’the’03/12’&’03/14’lectures:’Ch.’7’(all)’ Remember the following passage I read to you for later recall
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3/12/13 2 Eyewitness Testimony Demo External Information Sensory Store Short-Term Store Long-Term Store Modal Model Phonological Loop Visuospatial Sketchpad Central Executive Baddeley’s Model Working Memory STM’vs.’WM’ (covered on 03/07)
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3/12/13 3 The’Concepts’of’WM’vs.’STM’ (covered on 03/07) n WM’is’a’complex’system’with’multiple’subsystems’ ¨ STM’=’Primarily’a’verbal,’phonological’system’ n WM’emphasizes’both’storage’and’processing’ ¨ STM’=’Primarily’storage’(little’processing)’ n Temporary’storage’in’WM’supports’active’cognition’(e.g.,’ comprehension,’reasoning)’ ¨ STM’=’Temporary’storage’is’only’for’memory’ The’Episodic’BuFer:’A’4th’Subsystem? (covered on 03/07) n The’newest’and’least’well’ understood’system’in’the’ Baddeley’model’ n A’subsystem’for’temporarily’ binding’together’and’storing’ diFerent’types’of’information’ ¨ Example:’Chunking’(=’binding’ information’in’the’ phonological’loop’and’LTM)’ WM Main’Points’of’Today±s’Lecture n Memories’are’NOT’accurate’reflections’of’the’actual’events’ we’experienced;’we’“reconstruct”’a’memory’by’combining’ elements’from’the’original’event’ ¨ This’“reconstruction”’could’lead’to’false’memories’ n Schemas’and’scripts’are’one’type’of’semantic’memory’that’ plays’important’roles’in’everyday’situations’ ¨ But’they’could’serve’as’a’source’of’false’memories’ n It’is’easy’to’implant’false’memories’even’with’advanced’ warning’ n
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03-12 Lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 14 Memory 4(False...

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