02-28 Lecture Slides (Final)

After you see the last word you will be asked to

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Unformatted text preview: ternal Information Sensory Store Short- Term Store Long- Term Store Sensory memory Short- term memory (STM) Long- term memory (LTM) Modal Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) n༆  The system consisting of three types of memory stores External Information Sensory Store Transfer mechanisms: n༆  n༆  Short- Term Store Selective Attention Long- Term Store Maintenance Rehearsal STM is considered a stepping stone to LTM STM and LTM are separate structures Evidence? Evidence for the STM/LTM Distinction n༆  Neuropsychological evidence: ¨༊  Dissociation between STM and LTM n༆  n༆  n༆  Intact STM but impaired LTM (amnesia) Intact LTM but impaired STM Experimental evidence: ¨༊  Serial position effect in free recall 4 2/28/13 Demo 1 On the next slide, you will see a list of words displayed one at a time. After you see the last word, you will be asked to write down as many of the words as you can recall. You do not have to write down the words in the order you saw them; recall the words in any order you want. Recall from LTM Primacy Effect Recall from STM Recency Effect Demo 2 On the next slide, you will see a list of words displayed one at a time. This time, the words will be displayed at a faster rate than before. At the end of the list, you will then be asked to write down as many of the words as you can recall. You do not have to write down the words in the order you saw them; recall the words in any order you want. 5 2/28/13 Primacy Effect: Reduced by faster presentation Recency Effect: Unaffected Demo 3 On the next slide, you will see a list of words displayed one at a time. After you see the last word, you will see the number 999. When you see 999, count backwards by 3s for 30 seconds. You will then be asked to write down as many of the words as you can recall. You do not have to write down the words in the order you saw them; recall the words in any order you want. Primacy E...
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