02-21 lecture Slides (Final)

02-21 lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 10 Attention...

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2/21/13 1 Lecture’10:’ Attention’3’(Automatic’vs.’ Controlled’Processing;’Neural’ Basis’of’Attention)’ PSYC’2145:’ Introductory’Cognitive’Psychology’ February’21,’2013’ Announcements n 6 th ’ZAPS’assignment’( STERNBERG’SEARCH ),’due’02/27’(W)’ 8:00’p.m.’ n 2nd’mid-term’exam,’scheduled’for’ 02/26’(T) ¨ See’ the’study’guide’ (available’on’D2L)’for’details’ ¨ Compiled’quiz’questions’will’also’be’made’available’on’D2L’later’today’ ¨ Bring’ pencils’and’erasers’ to’the’exam’ ¨ Know’what’your’student’ID’number’is’ ¨ Take’advantage’of’ additional’office’hours’ (see’the’study’guide)’ n Plan’for’the’02/28’(R)’lecture’(I±ll’be’out’of’town)’ ¨ Guest’lecture’by’Section’2’TA:’Lee’ Altamirano’ ¨ Topic:’Memory’overview’&’STM’ ¨ Readings:’Ch.’1’(pp.’16-26)’&’Ch.’5’(for’the’02/28’&’03/05’lectures)’ Change’Blindness (covered on 02/19) n We’are’NOT’good’at’detecting’changes’occurring’in’the’ visual’scenes,’even’with’advance’warnings’(=’ change’ blindness )’ n Change’blindness’is’particularly’severe’under’high’attention’ demand’or’during’multitasking n Nevertheless,’we’are’often’overcon²dent’about’our’ability’ to’detect’changes’in’the’visual’scenes’(=’ change’blindness’ blindness )
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2/21/13 2 Diferent’Metaphors’oF’Attention (covered on 02/14 & 02/19) n Auditory’selective’attention’ ¨ “±lter”’ n Visual’selective’attention’ ¨ flexible’“spotlight”’ ¨ “glue”’ n Divided’attention’ ¨ “resources”’or’“energy”’ Mental Resources (Energy) Task 1 Task 2 Kahneman²s’Capacity’Theory ’ (covered on 02/19) n Key’ideas’ ¨ A’single’pool’oF’ general-purpose’ resources’supports’all’cognitive’ activities’ ¨ Resource’availability’(=’capacity)’is’ limited ,’but’can’be’influenced’by’ various’Factors’(e.g.,’arousal,’Fatigue)’ n Supporting’evidence’ ¨ The’notion’oF’limited-capacity’general- purpose’resources’is’consistent’with’ studies’oF’cell-phone’use’during’driving’ Cell’Phone’Use’During’Driving (covered on 02/19) n Cell’phone’conversations’can’negatively’afect’driving’ n The’problem’is’ attentional ,’not’peripheral’interFerence’ ¨ Hands-Free’phones’still’impair’driving’perFormance’ n The’negative’efects’are’most’salient’when’the’ attentional’ demand’is’high’ ¨ Dealing’with’a’difficult’course’or’high-traffic’density’ ¨ “Active’generation”’oF’ideas’during’conversation’
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2/21/13 3 Main’Points’of’Today±s’Lecture n Automatic’and’controlled’processes’diFer’in’important’ways’ ¨
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02-21 lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 10 Attention...

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