03-07 Lecture Slides (Final)

Proactive interference pi fruits fruits fruits 3 3713

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Unformatted text preview: presidents A clear recency effect (= long-term recency effect) Problems with the Modal Model’s Characterization of STM (1) The recency effect may not reflect STM contribution ¨༊  Long- term recency effect n༆  n༆  Free recall of the U.S. presidents Recall in the continuous- distractor paradigm ¨༊  The recency effect reemerges in this situation Continuous Distractor Paradigm Word Distractor Task Word Distractor Task Word Distractor Task Word Distractor Task Problems with the Modal Model’s Characterization of STM (2) STM codes may be diverse (not just speech- based or phonological) ¨༊  Visual/spatial codes n༆  ¨༊  You can maintain visual images or spatial locations in STM Semantic (meaning- based) codes n༆  Semantic effects in release from proactive interference (PI) Fruits Fruits Fruits 3 3/7/13 Problems with the Modal Model’s Characterization of STM (3) Maintenance rehearsal may not be crucial as a transfer mechanism from STM to LTM ¨༊  Elaborative rehearsal may be more effective n༆  (4) The concept of STM is too...
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