01-17 Lecture Slides

Mechanisms of forgetting stm ltm forgetting n n n

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: rs during learning Generation is more effective than passive studying Testing is highly effective for better retention Modal Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) n༆  Memory consists of three separable stores (STM) (LTM) How can we minimize forgetting and maximize effective storage and retrieval? Mechanisms of Forgetting (STM) (LTM) Forgetting n༆  n༆  n༆  Decay (= memory traces have faded away) Interference (= other memory traces interfere with target memory) Lack of retrieval cues (= no effective clues are available to retrieve target memory) 3 1/17/13 Two Types of Interference n༆  n༆  Retroactive interference (= new learning interferes with old) Proactive interference (= old learning interferes with new) The Forgetting Curve n༆  Ebbinghaus’s (1885) work ¨༊  ¨༊  Method: Relearning of lists Measure: Savings score n༆  ¨༊  n༆  [(initial repetitions) - (relearning repetitions)] / initial repetitions Results: The forgetting curve Forgetting is rapid initially ¨༊  It is important to review what you learned soon after the learning took place Basic Principles of Memory: Part 1 (1) The benefits of repeated...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online