01-17 Lecture Slides

Mechanisms of forgetting stm ltm forgetting n n n

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Unformatted text preview: rs during learning Generation is more effective than passive studying Testing is highly effective for better retention Modal Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) n༆  Memory consists of three separable stores (STM) (LTM) How can we minimize forgetting and maximize effective storage and retrieval? Mechanisms of Forgetting (STM) (LTM) Forgetting n༆  n༆  n༆  Decay (= memory traces have faded away) Interference (= other memory traces interfere with target memory) Lack of retrieval cues (= no effective clues are available to retrieve target memory) 3 1/17/13 Two Types of Interference n༆  n༆  Retroactive interference (= new learning interferes with old) Proactive interference (= old learning interferes with new) The Forgetting Curve n༆  Ebbinghaus’s (1885) work ¨༊  ¨༊  Method: Relearning of lists Measure: Savings score n༆  ¨༊  n༆  [(initial repetitions) - (relearning repetitions)] / initial repetitions Results: The forgetting curve Forgetting is rapid initially ¨༊  It is important to review what you learned soon after the learning took place Basic Principles of Memory: Part 1 (1) The benefits of repeated...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2014 for the course PSYC 2145 taught by Professor Cheriking during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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