9.23.05 - Energy and Life Heterotrophs consumers(carbon...

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September 23, 2005 Energy and Life Heterotrophs – consumers (carbon source-organic molecules, energy source is ) Autotrophs – producers, aka plants, use Co2 and H20 to create organic molecules o Sunlight (photoautotroph) o Chemical (chemoautotroph) Types of Energy Chemical energy Potential energy Kinetic energy Heat/thermal enrgy Light energy Electrical energy Work Laws of Thermodynamics 1-Conservation of Energy – Energy cannot be created nor destroyed. It can be converted. o Common Unit for measuring energy: JOULE Joule: exert 1N force x 1meter Electrical: move 1 coulumb of charge through 1 volt. 1V = 1J Power: 1 watt of power for 1 sec = 1J Heat: calories (amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1g h20 by 1 degree celcius. o 1 N is amount of energy it takes to raise the apple one meter o 100 gram apple, 90% water, 10% glucose, 1 mol glucose=180 g glucose o 1 mole glucose + O2 CO2 + H20 38, 111 CALORIES (0.06 moles/apple)38,111,4.18)
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