Cognitive Psych

Cognitive Psych - Cognitive Psych 14/01/2008 15:51:00 ←...

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Unformatted text preview: Cognitive Psych 14/01/2008 15:51:00 ← Chapter 1 • Cognitive science is the study of thinking • History of the Cognitive Approach o Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Great mathematician Themes that influenced modern psychology Thinking is the essence of humans • I think so therefore I am Mind and body exist and interact • Mind Body Problem o How can two entities interact that by there nature can not interact o Materialism- only the physical realm is real Mental phenomena are merely functions or aspects of the physical world (the Brain) The body is a machine Difference between derived and innate ideas • Derived ideas-due to experience o If a cop pulls you over you will not due anything bad again when a cop is around • Innate ideas-not due to experience o Build into us • Influence of derived and innate ideas o British empiricist says that knowledge is obtained through the senses All ideas are derived Ideas Innate ideas don’t exist o Associations: connecting ideas together o Immanuel Kant We do have innate knowledge Categories: forms by which the mind structures experience Cause and effect Influence on modern psychology- we impose order on the world • Science of Psychology o Wilhelm Wundt Germany Last quarter of 1800’s Brought philosophy and physiology together as the science of psychology Studied the structure of immediate conscious experience Introspectrum Analyzing one’s own sensations and reporting them as objectively as possible • American functionalism opened up psychology o Influence of the practical, Americans are still this way- what can we do with this and how can we make money o Evolution and natural selection Influenced by Charles Darwin What is the survival value of a trait? Random variation and selection • Problems with Introspection o Paying attention to thinking may change thinking o Introspection relies on memory Memory can be faulty o May not know what is going on in you own mind o Can’t use with infants animals and some people with mental problems o Historically different results with different researchers o To whom do the results generalize? • Behaviorism’s contribution to psychology: Rigor in Research o Operational definition-defining a concept by the way it is measured • Rise of modern cognitive psychology o 1950’s, 1960’s o disenchantment with Behaviorism o Noam Chompsky’s attack on B.F. Skinner’s verbal behavior o Popularity of Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development o Rise of computers and information theory Alan Turing (1936) Laid the foundation of modern digital computers Universal Turing Machine •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSYC 2145 taught by Professor Cheriking during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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Cognitive Psych - Cognitive Psych 14/01/2008 15:51:00 ←...

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