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Unformatted text preview: countries (Example: Central and Eastern Europe) economic failure has acted as a catalyst to bring about democratic change. ­ In some others (Example: South Korea and Taiwan) economic success has acted as a catalyst. Democracy and Foreign Aid Democracy Conditioned aid: The democracy conditionalities that are commonly insisted upon when providing aid are respect for human rights, improved governance and competitive democracy. Such conditionalities could create several problems: such a policy is based on the assumption of existence of a universally valid model of democracy and human rights. USAID and U.S. Foreign Policy: ­ “cookie cutter” democracy implemented ­ Spreading U.S. influence and power within countries. Non-economic and external factors in democratic process in The historical evidence points to a much more complex set of factors that initiate and sustain the process of democratization in a variety of economic, political, and social environments (Diamond 1990a). Does democracy help development? development? Two opposing theses. Those who believe that democracy does not help development point out the following: ­ Firstly, democracy encourages ethnic and other cleavages and creates instability that jeopardizes development. ­Secondly, political elites respond to pr...
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This document was uploaded on 02/13/2014.

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