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POL 220 2 - POL 220 Lecture Necessity of Compromise The...

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POL 220 Lecture 2/12/08 Necessity of Compromise The founders felt as if they could not do democratic election for the president. They did not want to have direct election of the president by the people because they had distrust for the average person, it would over represent the large states, and people did not know candidates from other states. The Constitution contains some parts that are very clear and some parts that are very vague. The Constitution articulates in Article 6 that it will be the Supreme law of the land. The states laws will be subordinate to the federal law. Article 1 lays out the legislative branch, Article 2 the executive branch, and Article 3 in the Judicial Branch. Congress can determine the number and jurisdiction of federal courts. The Executive can veto laws or fail to implement laws passed by Congress. Federalism is a government where the power is divided between levels: federal and local governments. The founders believed they were sufficiently limiting what the national government could do. Several articles in the constitution are indeterminate in their language. Article 2 says that “the executive power shall be vested in a president” which is very vague language. What is the executive power? Article 4 deals with issues of the states, such as the full faith and credit clause. Amending the constitution requires a two thirds vote in Congress Article 7 says that the ratification of this constitution will only require nine states to comply. The Debate Surrounding the Ratification dealt with the Federalists and Anti- Federalists. The Anti-Federalists are more sympathetic to the Revolution of 1776 and were wary of the changing of governments. They do not like a strong national government. A virtuous, deliberate approach to government.
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Precept 2/12/08 Dan Myers, 322 Robertson Hall, [email protected] Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers They were written to convince delegates of the state convention to ratify or not ratify the constitution, published in newspapers.
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