lec 11 - Learning

lec 11 - Learning - Learning Lowly animals, like sea...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Lowly animals, like sea snails, behave by instinct and are incapable of learning Humans are the only animals that can learn behaviors merely by observing others perform them With training, pigeons can be taught to tell the difference between Bach and Stravinsky Learning What is Learning? The relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. Changes in neural synapses How do we know if learning has occurred? Observe changes in behavior. Exams Assume students know nothing before; any knowledge is considered learning Test before and after change is learning Learning Psychologists study 3 types of learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning The role of learning styles Learning perspective & reinforcement Evolutionary perspective Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov Russian Neurologist Studied Digestion Won a Nobel prize in 1904 Famous (in psychology) for his incidental study of learning Classical Conditioning An organism comes to associate two stimuli A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Stimulus that unconditionally (naturally) triggers a response Unconditioned Response (UCR) The unlearned, naturally occurring response to US Conditioned Stimulus (CS) The originally irrelevant stimulus that comes to trigger a conditioned response Conditioned Response (CR) The learned response to a previously neutral stimulus (CS) Classical Conditioning Before Conditioning During Conditioning After Conditioning...
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lec 11 - Learning - Learning Lowly animals, like sea...

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