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Unformatted text preview: Personality What is Personality? An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, acting or feeling There are many theories about personality We will cover only a few Psychoanalytic Perspective Freud's theory Childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations influence personality Psychoanalytic Perspective Unconscious According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories Psychoanalysis Techniques used in treating psychological disorders by examining the unconscious Psychoanalytic Perspective Id (the "It") Unconscious psychic energy Strives to fulfill sexual and aggressive drives Pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification Psychoanalytic Perspective Superego (the "overself") Presents internalized ideals Provides standards for judgments and future decisions Idealistic principle, puts others needs first Psychoanalytic Perspective Ego (the "self") Largely conscious executive of personality Mediates between, Id, Superego and reality Reality principle, satisfies the id's desires in ways that maximize pleasure and minimize pain Psychoanalytic Perspective
Ego Conscious mind Unconscious mind Superego Freud's view of how the mind was organized Id Psychoanalytic Perspective Defense Mechanisms Repression Regression Reaction formation Projection Rationalization Displacement Sublimation Psychoanalytic Assessment Assessment Projective tests Persons sees what their unconscious projects Thematic apperception test Rorschach inkblots Psychoanalytic Assessment Free Association Psychoanalytic method for exploring the unconscious Person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, regardless of how trivial Psychoanalytic Perspective Freud's View Manifest content Story line Reflects days events Latent content Hidden meaning Symbolic of desires Sexual nature Psychoanalytic Effectiveness
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ed s M 73 58 47 32 35 Pl Ps yc ho C B T an al ys is T ed s & ac eb C B M o Humanistic Perspective Abraham Maslow Studied self-actualization processes of productive and healthy people Self-actualization the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic needs are met Humanistic Perspective Super Ego Ego ID Trait Perspective Trait A characteristic pattern of behavior A disposition to feel and act a certain way Personality Inventory Assessment tool of the trait perspective A questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors Personality Perspective
The "Big Five" Personality Factors Trait Dimension Description
Emotional Stability Calm versus anxious Secure versus insecure Self-satisfied versus self-pitying Sociable versus retiring Fun-loving versus sober Affectionate versus reserved Imaginative versus practical Preference for variety versus preference for routine Independent versus conforming Soft-hearted versus ruthless Trusting versus suspicious Helpful versus uncooperative Organized versus disorganized Careful versus careless Disciplined versus impulsive Extraversion Openness Extraversion Conscientiousness Reciprocal Determinism Different people choose different environments! The environment then shapes you. Our personalities shape how we interpret and react to events. Calm people see the world much differently compared anxious people. Our personalities create the very situations that we have to react to. Anxious people create uncomfortable situations when interacting. ...
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- Fall '08