Finally the study incorporates a series of outcome

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Unformatted text preview: s the general thrust of economic momentum in each county. Finally, the study incorporates a series of outcome assessments or performance measurements relevant to welfare reform. County and state support efforts need to be examined in light of programmatic goals. While outcome assessments invariably incorporate more than any one or set of factors can explain, they do indeed reflect the ultimate goal (Gormley and Weimer, 1999; Barrett and Greene, 1999, 2000; Julnes and Holzer, 2001). Public sector measures are more complex and focused on social impacts than those used in the private sector are. Business measures have a decidedly organizational focus, as evidenced from such indicators as Return on Average Assets (ROA) or Return on Equity (ROE). The political arena makes public sector goals both broader in scope and more ambiguous in content. Just as the educational attainment of students is not solely the responsibility of schools teachers and principals, it is their ultimate goal. Even so, the efforts of schoolteachers and principals are expected to contribute to the achievement of this goal. Similarly, we can expect that Strategic Human Resource Management can make a contribution. Similar to schoolteachers and principals, county professionals and state administrators can be expected to enhance welfare reform's overall efforts. The NC Department of Health and Human Services created a Work First Report 14 Card in 1999 (DHHS 1999). Each county was proportionately assessed in terms of its success at achieving four state-wide goals: (1) decreasing the number of people on welfare by 30 percent, (2) putting 23,359 welfare recipients to work, (3) having 85 percent of former Work First participants stay off welfare, and (4) collecting 10 percent more child support. For each of the four areas, "exceeding a goal by 110 percent or more earned an A, reaching 90 to 109 percent of goal earned a B, reaching 80 to 90 percent earned a C, [and] for performance less than 80 percent, a corrective action plan [was] re...
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