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Unformatted text preview: cated from Table 2, both welfare report card measures explain little
variance. The variables in the going to work model account for only R2 = .03, the welfare
decline model R2 = .03, the staying off welfare model R2 = .03, and the collecting child
support model R2 = .01. The strategic human resource management practices explain
only R2 = .03 (adj R2 = .01) in unemployment change and R2 = .03 (adj R2 = .01) in the
welfare report card.
These results are three to four times smaller than those found by John Delery and
Harold Doty (1996). Using the more narrowly focused outcome assessments of Return on
Average Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE) (measures with data drawn from the
banking industry), Delery and Doty found strategic human resource management
contributions of R2 = .13 (adj R2 =n .11) for ROA and R2 = .09 (adj R2 = .07) for ROE.
In Delery and Doty (1996) relationships (standardized regression coefficients) with the
outcome assessments were found between results-oriented appraisal (.14 ROA; .14
ROE), profit sharing (.31 ROA; .28 ROE), and employment security (.16 ROA).
However, these findings are somewhat in-line with Hitt, Bierman, Shimizu, and Kochhar
(2001)'s human capital findings in law firms (R2 = .036 ).The complex and somewhat
less compatible goals entailed in public sector organizations may limit the effectiveness
or enhance the difficulty of strategic human resource management applications.
Only three of the twenty-eight strategic human resource management-welfare
reform outcome relationships proved to be statistically significant (in contrast with Delery
and Doty's (1996) finding of three per outcome measure). In all three cases, however, the 19 odds of success are markedly improved. The revised job descriptions that redefined the
tasks of the social service professional seem to aid in helping people find jobs. Similarly,
the inclusion of the goal for declining welfare roles as part of the performance appraisal
process appears to "succeed." Fi...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014 for the course G g at National Institute of Technology, Calicut.
- Spring '14