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Unformatted text preview: study examines the perception of strategic human resources practices (e.g.,
internal career ladders, formal training systems, results-oriented performance appraisal,
employment security, employee voice/participation, broadly defined jobs, and
performance-based compensation) held among North Carolina county social services
professionals. The study examines the relationships among these SHRM perceptions and 3 demographic characteristics (such as county population, change in unemployment, age,
education, ethnic status, gender, and supervisory status) four measures of outcome
assessments on how well welfare reform is achieving its goals.
STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PERSONNEL PRACTICES
For motivation and incentives to work they first must be tied to a goal. An
organization must employ needs assessment and human resource development strategies
in pursuit of its vision or mission. Needs assessment (of where an organization wants to
go) and human resources development (of those who are to get it there) focus on the
specific organizational and individual needs whose satisfaction will lead to enhanced
productivity. The vision and path for fulfilling it derived from strategic planning is put
into practical perspective through the use of macro-tools such as Total Quality
Management (at the group-level) and Management by Objectives (at the individual-level).
Strategic planning is rational analysis (Nutt and Backoff, 1992; Klingner, 1993;
Perry, 1993; Berry, 1994; Mintzberg, 1994; Ledvinka, 1995; Bryson, 1996). It takes
"what is" and develops ideas of "what should be" along with plans for "how to get there."
With a realistic organizational strategy focused on what the future should look like,
strategic planning provides the "road map" for fulfilling that future. Strategic planning
should also incorporate the human resources necessary for accomplishing its goals
(Mesch, Perry, and Wise, 1995; Perry and Mesch, 1997).
The foremost advantage derived from strategic planning is that it helps im...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014 for the course G g at National Institute of Technology, Calicut.
- Spring '14