HIST 53 1.docx - HIST 53 Fundamental points Prioritize chronology over exact dates History is about the cause and effect of human

HIST 53 1.docx - HIST 53 Fundamental points Prioritize...

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HIST 53 Fundamental points: - Prioritize chronology over exact dates - History is about the cause and effect of human mistakes/actions/decisions o Everything is open to interpretation I. The Development of the Calendar + Time as we Know it Prior to the Gregorian calendar that is used today… 1. Julian Calendar - Implemented in 46 BC by Julius Caesar - Technical issues o Miscalculation of the length of the solar year o Led to a misalignment of the civic and solar calendars (religious festivals/dates falling at the wrong time etc.) Other influences + small changes … Augustus - Caesar’s successor after assassination - Renamed a month (August) in his own name - Caesar’s successor Augustus renamed the month of August in his own name Constantine the Great - Arguably first Christian Emperor of Rome - Implemented concept of 24-hour day + 7-day week into the Julian calendar - Declared Sunday as first day of week and the ‘Christian sabbath’/day of worship o Aimed to consolidate Christianity within the empire and distinguish from the Jewish sabbath 2. Gregorian Calendar - A reformation of the Julian calendar by Catholic Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 - He saw the synchronization of the calendar + solar year as a key factor in consolidating the power of the Catholic church

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