Order #385300731.docx - Contrast between China and Japan\u2019s reaction to Western invasion Student\u2019s Name Course Professor\u2019s Name Date 1 China and

Order #385300731.docx - Contrast between China and...

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Contrast between China and Japan’s reaction to Western invasion Student’s Name Course Professor’s Name Date 1
China and Japan undoubtedly experienced Western encroachment but their reactions where entirely different. Japan seemed to be a stronger Nation at the time that the Westerners began to encroach while China was still a weak country. Earlier, China had been defeated by Japan in the Sino-Japanese war in the bid to have influence over Korea. Furthermore, China was still humiliated after the war while Japan continued to grow in power. The Chinese were also a victim of Japan’s imperial invasion since they had been weakened by the Opium War (1839-1842). Japan was in fact at their strongest waging war with other countries such as Russia in the Russo- Japanese war (1904-1905). China on the other hand had internal wars that were weakening the country; furthermore they were also defeated in the Opium war making them vulnerable to other countries intrusions. Therefore, Japan and China experienced Western encroachment differently because of the position they were at that time and history experienced when Westerners began encroaching. Japan met the westerners with vigorous steps ensuring that they remained an independent nation. Japan’s strength was evident even before Westerners began encroaching. Lockwood (1956) asserts that more than any other Asian country it was the Japanese who acted more decisively. Both countries were also under pressure to open trade to foreign countries. They were compelled to sign unequal treaties which allowed westerners to access their ports and cities. At the time of European invasion neither of the two countries had power to stand up to the Westerners. Europe was undergoing industrial revolution and Japan and China where lagging behind in terms of military and technology. Although they both had to open up to Western countries their reaction and process where entirely different (Lockwood, 1956). The main 2
difference between Japan’s and China’s reaction is that Japan gave in to pressure from the West 1 to open up trade, China on the other hand, remained adamant. As a result of Japan’s collaboration and China’s rebellion, Japan was able to modernize while China failed. Japan was also well organized from the beginning. In the Meiji period (1868-1912), Japan enjoyed unlimited success as it shifted from a small feudal, agrarian state to a modern industrial supremacy. Japan’s strength was that it was organized and planned ahead. After effectively modernizing its government, military, society, and economy it turned its attention abroad and showed that it was ready and willing to expand (Van Dijk, year). It was after their internal expansion that Japan declared war against Russia. Russia, they believed had gone against their

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