Ethnomusicology Study Guide 4.docx - Ethnomusicology 5...

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Ethnomusicology 5 Study Guide Horn of Africa: Horn of Africa has so many oceans surrounding it - trade and exchange, entangled communities Four Countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudano160 million people totalLanguages: Afar, Amharic, Arabic, Oromo, Sidamo, Somali, Tigre, Tigrinya, WoylaytaReligions: Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Protestantism, Waqqafina, animist religionsAncient LandoKingdom of Kush (Cushites) Axumite KingdomoKingdom of D’mtoKingdom of Punt (Puntites) oAbyssinia (Abyssinians) oBarbar Al BiladoNilotic PeoplesCommon Musical Elements of the HornPentatonic Scales - 5-note or mode scales recurring in octave intervalsHeterophonic TexturesPoetics | Lyrical EmphasisChordophone Virtuosity (bowed or plucked)Hand clapping Metric Complexity with Syncopation, Polyrhythms and HemiolaIntegrated DanceSomalia:Coastline makes up the hornKnown as being 1 ethnic group divided into clansOral peopleoPoetry, lyricism oNot really known for instruments, more vocal

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