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Lecture 4- Larger Biological Molecules A

Lecture 4- Larger Biological Molecules A - Biology 1020...

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Biology 1020 Lecture 4: Large Biological Molecules A
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Did you get it? Which is a basic functional group that can accept H + and become positively charged?
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Carbohydrates Sugar + polymers (long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by covalent bonds) Monomers --> monosaccharides (simplest carbohydrates)
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Carbohydrates sugar 1 sugar 2 sugar 3 Carbohydrate polymer OH H Monosaccharide glycosidic linkage
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Monosaccharides Carbonyl Hydroxyl Suffix “____” : ribose, glucose, lactose etc Rib ose C 5 H 10 O 5
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Monosaccharides Grouped based on Number of carbons in the skeleton Position of carbonyl group Left or right enantiomers
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Monosaccharides _____: aldehyde sugar ______: ketone sugar Triose : 3 carbon backbone
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Monosaccharides Pentoses
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Monosaccharides Hexoses
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Monosaccharides Form rings in solution
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Monosaccharides
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Monosaccharides
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Disaccharide polymerization Dehydration rxn (water is leaving): synthesizing a polymer
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Disaccharide polymerization
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Disaccharide polymerization Carbohydrate polymers are joined by glycosidic linkages
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Lecture 4- Larger Biological Molecules A - Biology 1020...

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