Chapter 8

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Unformatted text preview: by the female singer. Harmony: Basic chords but with some added notes that make it more sophisticated and that reflect jazz influence. Texture: Homophonic with the 2 voices providing melody and the instruments the accompaniment. Instrumentation: Acoustic guitar with hand drums, perhaps bongos Form: The form consists of a series of statements of a 3- phrase verse organized AAB Timing :00 :11 :31 :53 1:21 1:32 1:45 2:09 2:18 Section Intro Verse 1: A A B Verse 2: A A B A A “We Are the Children” Description Guitar and hand drum introduction Male main melody with female harmony singing lyrics, “We are the children of the migrant workers…” “We are the children of the Chinese waiter…” with instrumental extension “Sing a song….” With instrumental extension “Foster children of the Pepsi generation…” “Watching war movies…” “Sing a song…” “We are the cousins…” (notice how the drums stop and the tempo slows) “We are part of the Third World people.. Notice how it is extended and how it doesn’t end with a typical chord cadence to make it sound ‘finished,’ which may be a musical symbol for the open- endedness of the song’s topic. Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 12 STYLISTIC CATEGORIES: CHINESE MUSIC STYLES Click here to access the listening examples, or copy the following URL into a new browser window: Beijing Opera Beijing, which translates as “north capital,” has been the capital of China since 1206. One of the most impressive relics of its long history and of Imperial China is the palace, better known as the Forbidden City because common people were not allowed in there unless summoned by the emperor. About 40 miles north of Beijing is another renowned Chinese icon, the Great Wall, completed by the first king of the Qin dynasty who reigned during 221- 209 B.C.E. Almost 3,000 miles long, the wall was built for border control to discourage invaders and intruders. Beijing became a very wealthy and prosperous city due to its position as the terminating point of the northern Silk Road, the name given to the historical network of interlinking trade routes that connected Asia with Europe and Africa. Since the Silk Road facilitated East- West commercial and cultural exchange, many music traditions and musical instruments were shared via these routes. Beijing is the birthplace of China’s most well recognized traditional music genre, Beijing Opera. Traditional Beijing Opera In China, Beijing Opera is called jingju (capital theatre), but in the West it is called “Beijing Opera” or “Peking Opera” (the Romanized version of “Beijing”) because when a touring company first performed the style in the United States in the early twentieth century, reporters called it “Peking Opera.” Opera is the Italian word for a drama set to music, and just as there are many different kinds of European opera, so are there different styles of Chinese opera. Beijing Opera is a form of music and theatre that developed in the late eighteenth century out of older styles of theater that had developed in other parts of China but had become very popular in Beijing. Although originally considered unsophisticated and coarse, it found imperial favor after various acting companies performed to celebrate the eightieth birthday of the emperor. It was subsequently remolded into an elite genre that appealed to the rich and highly educated, and soon this style became dominant. Traditional jingju has as its subject matter ancient and popular myths, legends, and the histories of the previous dynasties. It consists of dramatic dialogue sections in heightened speech inte...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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