In this lab i will try to expose you to a variety of

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Unformatted text preview: Theresa Tang is the most famous Mandopop singer. With her sweet voice, simple and sincere style, songs that fused Asian and Western elements, and her ability to record in multiple languages, she became a true pan- Asian star. A lifetime sufferer of asthma, she died in 1995 of a severe attack when she was only 42. After Deng Xiaoping loosened restrictions and opened China to the rest of the world, young people on mainland China were able to listen to popular music. Because Mandarin had been mandated as the main language so that all segments of the Chinese population could communicate with each other, Mandopop started replacing Cantopop on the radio stations and television. The Taiwanese Teresa Teng, whose music was already somewhat known because it had been smuggled into mainland China through the black market even during censorship, became hugely popular. The mid- 1980s was inspired by the global solidarity promoted in songs such as “We Are the World,” written by Michael Jackson but recorded by over 80 musicians who called themselves “United Support of Artists (USA) for Africa.” Chinese musicians in Beijing created their own optimistic song, “Let the World be filled with Love,” which became a Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 17 hit in 1986. Many of Cantopop’s musicians, especially the “Four Heavenly Kings,” became big stars in Mandopop. Augmenting the historical soft and hard rock styles, younger musicians started fusing other elements of newer popular styles like hip- hop and rap. In the 2000s, as in other parts of the world, independent (“indie”) music labels gained larger market share and added even more stylistic variety. This, combined with the “idol” contests that have become a whole industry in many countries, further increased diversity as well as launched new stars. Some of the most respected new stars are called “quality idols.” These are singers who are educated, look good, and are talented musicians, such as Jay Chou, Wang Leehom, and Wei Li- an. They continue early experiments of fusing traditional Chinese elements (typically Chinese instruments) with western influences and have inspired Asian singers and gained fans from around the world. Listening Example: Huang Jin Jia by Jay Chou KEY MUSICIANS Click here to access the Listening Examples or copy the following URL into a new browser window: Although there are multiple Asian musicians and Chinese musicians from which to choose, due to the focus of this book, only Chinese Americans have been selected as key musicians for this chapter. Yo- Yo Ma One of the foremost and probably the most famous Asian American musicians is Yo- Yo Ma, an internationally renowned cellist in the Western European “Classical” music tradition who has also experimented with several fusion endeavors. Born in Paris in 1955, his father was the musicologist Hiao- Tsun Ma, who had emigrated from China in the 1930s. In 1963, he moved his family to New York City, where Yo- Yo began studying at the Julliard School of Music. During the time Yo- Yo studied there and also later at Harvard University, he performed with both student and professional groups. In 1978, he won the Avery Fisher Prize, which brought engagements with major performing ensembles such as the New York Philharmonic orchestra. In 1984, he recorded the Six Bach Suites for Unaccompanied Cello, which won him a Grammy Award. The next year, he won a second Grammy award. Yo- Yo Ma has continued to expand musical horizons. For example in 1999, he joined country music fiddler Mark O’Connor and string- bass virtuoso Edgar Meyer to produce Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall H...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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