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2 crossroads music of american cultures barkley

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Unformatted text preview: ied” groups because they stressed living a perfectly holy and sanctified life free from sin. They incorporated healing, prophesy, and speaking in unknown tongues. Worshipers were encouraged to abandon themselves to the spirit, to let Christ take possession of their bodies. Services in these churches included "shout" songs and "witness" rituals, with great emphasis on freedom of expression and rhythm. Eventually, churches added mused musical instruments such as drums, tambourines, triangles, pianos and guitars. The Holiness churches used Tindley's songs as the models and modified them to include opportunities for the congregation to improvise free interpolations (such as “Hallelujah”) and to use instrumental accompaniment. The combination of the popular quartet singing, the tabernacle compositions of Reverend Tindley, and the worship practices of the Holiness churches laid the foundation for the development of a repertoire of music and a performance style known as "gospel." 2 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 The individual who had the greatest influence on the development of gospel was Thomas Dorsey (1899- 1993). Dorsey had worked as a blues pianist, and by 1928, he was incorporating more rhythmic emphasis and blues riffs into his gospel music and also providing opp...
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