some of the gospel singers such as mahalia jackson

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Unformatted text preview: following year and also began nightclub tours which contributed to moving the religious- based music out of the churches and into secular arenas. The decade of the 1930s also witnessed other changes in the gospel tradition. The first was apparently initiated by Dorsey, who in 1936 promoted a “battle of song” between Roberta and Sallie Martin at Chicago’s DuSable High School. He charged fifteen 4 Southern, p. 464 4 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 cents admission, the first time anyone had apparently charged for entry into a sacred- music concert. The concert’s success created a vogue for gospel- music concerts with paid admission, a tradition that has lasted to the present time. It also led to the development of paid, professional gospel singers who record and who receive pay for their singing.5 In the 1940's, particularly after World War II, the commercial success of a multitude of vocal groups such as the Soul Stirrers, the Swan Silvertones, the Dixie Hummingbirds, the Fairfield Four, the Sensational Nightingales, and the Pilgrim Travelers issued in an era known as "sweet- gospel.” Important milestones included the founding of the radio program “Gospel Train” in 1940 by Joe Bostic (1909- 1988) for station WLIB in New York, and “Sister” Rosetta Tharpe’s performance in 1943 at the Apollo Theatre in Harlem. The radio sho...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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