Bush meetings were similar but they were smaller and

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Unformatted text preview: e Present During the 1950s, several different record labels such as Star, Stax, Scepter, and Chess were founded, and distributed recordings of gospel and soul music among other styles. But the first widely distributed label, which also achieved a distinctive sound, was established by Berry Gordy with his Tamla Motown (for Motor Town) company in Detroit in 1959. By 1961, it had achieved million- sellers with Smokey Robinson and the Miracles' "Shop Around" and the Marvelettes, "Please, Mr. Postman." Gordy went on to achieve tremendous success with other soul artists such as the Supremes, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Mary Wells, Martha and the Vandellas, and the Temptations. His contributions will be discussed more fully in a subsequent chapter. In terms of “straight” gospel, the Edwin Hawkins Singers achieved a hit “Oh Happy Day” that reached Number 4 on the Billboard chart in 1969. In 1971, Aretha Franklin was awarded a gold record for her rendition of “Amazing Grace,” a recording that remains on the “Top Ten Gospel Music Albums” of all time. By the 1980s, large gospel choirs had replaced quartets in terms of general popularity. One of the most popular choirs was the Mississippi Mass Choir, founded in 1988 by a form gospel quartet singer, Franklin Williams (1947- 1993). The choir’s first recording was an immediate success, and named number one spiritual album of the year by both Billboard and Score magazines. There are many large contemporary choir groups that continue to demonstrate standards of excellence. One of the more radical of the contemporary choirs is the Sounds of Bl...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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