The quartets sang these and contemporary songs in the

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Unformatted text preview: beliefs. HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL CONTEXT Foundations of Gospel Three influences at the turn of the century contributed to the development of gospel music: jubilee quartets, the tabernacle songs of Reverend C. Albert Tindley, and the Pentecostal Revival. 1. Jubilee Quartets: Community quartets took advantage of the many arrangements of spirituals that had been published in the later part of the nineteenth century that were now available in notated scores of music. The quartets sang these and contemporary songs in the same manner as university choirs only with the addition of dramatic vocal solos. The Tidewater, Virginia area (with the Hampton Institute located nearby) and Jefferson County, Alabama (the location of Tuskegee Institute) were both fertile areas for the development of jubilee quartet singing and it became an important pastime. 2. The Tabernacle Songs of Reverend C. Albert Tindley: Tindley was a Methodist minister who helped launch the development of gospel music through his writing of tabernacle songs- - - - songs to be sung in the tabernacle (the place of worship) focusing on a single theme and featuring a call- and- response performance style. He is credited with publishing the first gospel songs that included both words and music in 1899. 3. Split Between Orthodox and the New “Holiness” and “Sanctified” Churches: This split was between the established and traditional orthodox churches and the new "Holiness" or "Sanctified" groups. The earliest “Holiness” churches were founded by dissatisfied Baptist preachers, and were referred to as “holiness” or “sanctif...
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