By being an active participant in your own learning

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Unformatted text preview: ten information that makes sense to you, but isn’t necessarily very meaningful. We also remember information that didn’t necessarily make much sense to us just because it had meaning. For example, in some courses it is important for you to memorize information in order to pass a test – it doesn’t matter whether or not the information is meaningful to you. Of the two criteria, meaning is more significant. For example, if someone tells you that you need x number of units in your academic major to earn a degree at your institution, but y number of units at a different institution in another state, the information “makes 7 Crossroads: Popular Music in America (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 sense.” However, you will have a higher likelihood of remembering the number of units at your own institution because it is more meaningful and relevant to your educational plans. Brain scans have shown that when new learning is readily comprehensible (it makes sense) and can be connected to past experience (it has meaning), retention is dramatically improved (Sousa, 2006, pp. 49- 51). Retention “Retention” is the process by which long- term memory preserves a learning in such a way that it can be located, identified, and retrieved accurately in the future. Retention is influenced by many factors, but a critical factor is having sufficient time to process and reprocess information so that it can be transferred from short- to long- term memory. This process takes time, and usually occurs during deep, “REM” sleep. Our brains lose the greatest amount of new learning within the first 18- 24 hours, thus if you can remember something after 24 hours, there is a higher likelihood that it has the potential for being retained in long- term storage just as if you cannot remember what you learned after 24 hours, it is most likely not permanently stored and will not be retained. This is why when you “crash study” for a test, you may do well on the test but will most likely forget most of the information as soon as you turn in your exam. Our increasingly complex, technology- based world requires adults to be able to adapt to rapidly changing demands in...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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