For example when most of us hear or read romeo we

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Unformatted text preview: y, but the rules are transferred to a different setting. “Far transfer” requires us to think more than “near transfer.” Svinicki (2004b, pp. 100- 101) offers driving a mid- level automatic sedan as an example: if you’ve already driven one, you can easily drive any other because the steering wheel, gear shift, windshield wipers, and turn signals all look alike and are in the same position. 4 Crossroads: Popular Music in America (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 If, on the other hand, you get into a car that is very different from one you’re accustomed to driving (such as a convertible, stick- shift sports car), your normal driving responses are not instantly triggered and you have to stop and figure out where everything is. The basic rules are the same, but the car looks different. Moving between different mid- level automatic sedans is a near transfer task; moving from a mid- level automatic sedan to a stick- shift sports car is a far transfer task. Using an example in music, learning to play guitar if one already knows how to play bass guitar is an example of near transfer, whereas learning to play guitar if one already knows how to play piano is an example of far transfer. Interestingly, near transfer doesn’t always result in positive transfer. For example when I was studying as a music major at the university, I became very interested in music from the 17 century and wanted to learn to play an old keyboard instrument called the harpsichord. Since I was already an accomplished pianist, it was easy for me to transfer my keyboard skills to the new instrument; this was a near transfer task. However the harpsichord requires different hand positions and finger strength and my piano teacher thought trying to play both instruments would be confusing and counter productive; this was because there would be negative transfer between the two sets of skills. Let’s look at some of the factors that affect the quality of transfer: similarity/difference, association, and context and degree of original learning. Similarity and Differences It appears that the brain generally stores new information in networks that contain similar characteristics or associations, but retrieves information by identifying...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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