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Although not actually very accurate the term groups

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Unformatted text preview: ensified. The 9/11 terrorist attacks and mailings of anthrax spores prompted the Homeland Security Act of 2002 which created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), a department that took over many of the immigration service and enforcement functions formerly provided by the Immigration and Naturalization Service.2 Appeals for tighter immigration controls have continued to be part of the political landscape, fuelled by security concerns as well as the continued economic recession. Yet ‘how’ to deal with illegal immigration remains problematic. Congress passed the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act in 1996 in an attempt to improve border enforcement and reduce use of social programs by immigrants. In 2005, for example, the House of Representatives passed Bill 261- 161, attempting to tighten controls by barring states from issuing driver’s licenses...
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