24 crossroads music of american cultures barkley

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Unformatted text preview: than an ensemble blend that can be described by smooth jazz buzzwords such as silky, seductive, and sultry. Some of the best smooth jazz musicians also perform live in concerts, especially in venues such as wine festivals. Closely related to “Smooth Jazz” is a genre called “Contemporary Jazz.“ In fact, there is much debate as to what distinguishes the two. Fans suggest the following criteria: when there is extensive use of electronics such as synthesizers and drum machines, along with a degree of ‘sameness,’ the music tends to be placed in the “smooth” category; when there is more variety and a significant amount of improvisation and interaction between live musicians, the music tends to be placed in the “contemporary” category. Boney James, Rick Braun, Kenny G, Keiko Matsui, Steve Cole, and Norma Brown are considered “smooth jazz” artists. Eric Marienthal, the Rippingtons, Spyro Gyra, Acoustic Alchemy, and the Pat Metheny Group are considered “Contemporary Jazz” artists. In the late 1980s, a style broadly referred to as “Acid Jazz” emerged in European clubs, with musicians combining samples of jazz recordings with a variety of other music genres such as funk, soul, and hip- hop. The goal was to use jazz tracks as the basis to create dance music. Essential to the development of Acid Jazz was Chris Bangs, who both created and produced other artists. His first releases appeared under the name of “Quiet Boys, “ and included “Can’t Hold the Vibe,” (1992), “Bosh” (1995) and “Dazzle–Ultra Edition” (1998). In 1999, he released The Chris Bangs Project. Other musicians include Gilles Peterson, Charles Kynard, Johnny Hammond, and groups such as Us3 and Funk Inc. Struggling to find new names for later developments, similar music has been called Nu Jazz, New Groove, Urban Groove, New Jazz Spectrum, and sometimes simply, “the European” style.” Thus, musicians continue to integrate jazz samples with a variety of acoustic and electronic tracks to create new compositions, but with the ‘distribution’ outlet shifting from clubs to radio. Conclusion Both fusion and classicism continue to dominate the jazz scene today. In terms of fusion, for example, an acoustic trio called “The Bad Plus” has received critical acclaim for its blend of jazz, pop and rock....
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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