5 charlie parker made his first real bop records in

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Unformatted text preview: led by Artie Shaw and Tommy Dorsey became extraordinarily popular. These groups achieved huge financial success: Benny Goodman’s orchestra earned $350,000 in 1937, with each band member receiving about $10,000).2 But with the exception of the Count Basie and Duke Ellington bands, most black bands made very little money and found it difficult to survive. These bands, such as those led by Earl Hines, Don Redman, and Chick Webb were not nearly as famous as the white bands, but they contributed much to the aesthetic development of jazz. In contrast, the white bands were enormously successful, and although they played an important role encouraging mainstream acceptance of jazz and they created many outstanding recordings, they actually had little direct influence on jazz’s stylistic development. The 1940s and 50s: Bebop As the 1930s progressed, the emphasis in swing shifted more and more away from the intrinsic artistic worth of the music itself to the entertainment function of providing appropriate accompaniment to dancing. The rhythm became predictable, the performances became very polished, the bands got larger, and in order to coordinate everyone’s playing, the music was often precisely arranged and notated. Furthermore, there was a sense that what had been primarily black music had now been appropriated by white, mainstream culture. There was resentment among many Black musicians because of the way White musicians in the thirties had “stolen” their music. There was also dissatisfaction with the static condition of jazz at the end of the swing era as exemplified by White bands...In the opinion of Blacks, an inertness had pervaded swing as a result of commerm and the distorting effect of Tin Pan 2Brooks, p. 106 6 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 Alley. When the swing movement was in the hands of Black musicians, it was comparatively safe from commercial dilution because of the color bar and the prevalent attitude of White society toward Black performers...Because the swing movement had degenerated, it became obvious that jazz must either seek a revolutionary solution or struggle vainly against Tin Pan Alley.3 Several of the more creative and restless musicians, particularly Charlie Christian, a guitaris...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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