Bands playing in this style consisted of six

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Unformatted text preview: n created by Leo Watson, it was the singer/dancer Eddie Jefferson who first began to really develop it with songs such as “Moody’s Mood for Love,” based on a James Moody solo on “I’m in the Mood for Love.” Another singer, King Pleasure (Clarence Beeks) made the song very popular and also went on to write similar vocalese. The style was further expanded by the group Lambert, Hendricks and Ross. Other singers associated with bop (although they did not sing exclusively with either scat or vocalese) were Billy Eckstine, Jackie Paris, and Abbey Lincoln. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS Jazz consists of many different styles, each with unique characteristics. In addition, many styles developed as a reaction against a prior style. For example, Bebop was created to bring back the energy musicians felt had been lost in the last stages of the Big Band/Swing style. To be effectively different, the new style intentionally incorporated alternative musical characteristics. It is therefore particularly difficult to generalize structural characteristics in the jazz idiom. Nevertheless, recognizing that jazz is very diverse, the following characteristics are generally applicable. Rhythm, Melody and Harmony Rhythm is the foundation of all styles of jazz, and it is complex, clearly reflecting the influences of African rhythmic traditions. Generally performers create rhythms that are constantly syncopated, with the accents occurring on the beats that Western music traditions consider the weak beats. For example, instead of 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4, a very popular rhythmic treatment in jazz would be felt 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4. Additionally, particularly in the earlier styles, there is the use of “swing,” in which the note on the second part of the beat is slightly delayed, giving a sense of pulling back. Jazz is based on the principle that melodies should be constantly varied, and that an infinite number of melodies can be created to fit the established chord progression. In many jazz styles, the harmonic progression is repeated over and over while different soloists are featured improvising their unique version of the melody that fits the progression. In addition, jazz melodies incorporate the African traditions of “colorization,” in which the melody is ornamented with a variety of techniques such as glissandi and slides, nuances of pitch in which 36 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley)...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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