But this improvisation was fundamentally different

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: hird beats (the “normal” rhythmic pattern in Western music and important beat guideposts for dance music) to accents on the traditionally weaker second and fourth beats. Second, the harmonic language was vastly expanded to include eleventh and thirteenth chords and the old rules for how to treat the chords no longer seemed to apply. For example, a new harmonic progression was achieved by a half- tone shift such as from F to F#, a progression that would have not been accepted in the earlier jazz styles. Additionally, whereas swing would have required the seventh and ninths of a chord to resolve according to strict harmonic rules, bop did not require these resolutions. Third, the musical texture was much denser, with all of the musicians playing many more notes. Fourth, the band size was reduced from the large swing band groups to smaller ensembles, especially a quintet of piano, bass, drums, reed instrument and trumpet (occasionally expanded to include a trombone or second reed instrument and a guitar in the rhythm section). 24 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 Fifth, it incorporated new roles for the musicians. For example the bass instrument assumed more of the responsibility for maintaining the beat while also playing more melodic lines. The piano became less of a rhythmic instrument and played lighter, sparser lines. Sixth, there developed a standard format in which the song’s melody was first stated, followed by improvisations on the harmonic structure that underlied that melody in a relatively prescribed order of reed solo, trumpet solo, piano solo, bass or drum solo, and then concluding with a restatement of the melody. Sometimes a technique called “trading fours” was incorporated, in which the instruments would alternate four measures of improvisation. Finally, a technique called “quoting” was used extensively, in which musicians would insert brief passages from easily recognizable tunes into their improvisations. Listen to “Anthropology” for its classic bebop style characteristics. In the Lab section, you will listen to “How High the Moon” to try to see if you can...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online