C jazz milestones on website a passion for jazz music

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: cle that had strong avant- garde influences. In 1972, he formed a group Return to Forever which became one of the most exciting fusion groups. The second keyboardist was Herbie Hancock, who had had a successful hard bop group in the early 1960s (at which time he wrote Watermelon Man, a song that became a popular hit for the group Mongo Santamaria) before he began working with Miles Davis. In 1973, he formed a fusion group called the Headhunters, a group that was to become one of the most commercially successful fusion groups. Various fusion efforts continued into the 1980s by musicians such as Sting, Joni Mitchell, and Pat Metheney. In addition to fusion derived primarily from incorporating rock elements, there were also fusion efforts incorporating other stylistic traditions. One of the most popular trends merged jazz idioms with Classical music characteristics. The connection between Classical music and jazz was of course not new. For example, as early as 1934, Duke Ellington had created his Ebony Rhapsody on a piece by Liszt, and later composed entire suites on the music of Grieg and Tchaikovsky. But in the 1970s, this kind of stylistic collaboration found renewed popularity. One example was Eumir Deodato, who arranged Richard Strauss’ tone poem, Also Sprach Zarathustra using jazz idioms. Another was the Frenchman Claude Bolling’s very popular Suite for Jazz Flute and Piano released in 1975. Other musicians used classical attributes rather than classical pieces themselves, such as Keith Jarrett’s use of classical composition techniques and Chuck Mangione’s integration of a large orchestra playing in a jazz style. The 1980s and 90s: Classicism, Smooth or Contemporary Jazz, and Acid Jazz During the 1980s, there appeared to be a rejection of the loud, amplified fusion efforts and the esoteric complexity of avant- garde styles in favor of a return to earlier jazz styles. One example of this renewed interest in the past was Natalie Cole’s enormously popular album Unforgettable, released in 1991, in which she sang the jazz standards made famous decades earlier by her father, Nat King Cole. On a more general basis, classicism manifested itself in a revival of swing music and bop (sometimes described as “Pos...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online