Early musicians and groups include buddy bolden jelly

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ‘new’ jazz stars. For example, the pianist and vocalist Shirley Horn was 53 when her career finally took off with the 1987 recording of a live performance at Hollywood’s Vine Street Bar and Grill, even though she had counted among her fans influential jazz musicians such as Miles Davis twenty- five years earlier. Vocalist Abbey Lincoln had also been working for more than three decades before becoming a star in the early 1990s. The saxophonist Joe Henderson had first established himself in the 1960s but remained relatively unknown until his 1992 release of Lush Life which garnered him not only a Grammy award but Down Beat magazine’s Jazz Artist of the Year Award. A second trend was a fusion of pop and jazz that was eventually called “smooth jazz.” There are conflicting accounts of the origins of this style. One explanation is that it emerged in the Boston area as the successor to the “Beautiful Music” or ‘easy listening’ format (such as Musak) that served primarily as background music for the workforce.12 Another account is that in the early 1980s, a disc jockey for KIFM in San Diego by the name of Art Good began concentrating on contemporary instrumental jazz, especially by artists such as Chuck Mangione, and Spyro Gyra. This format was adopted a few years later by KTWV (“The Wave”) in Los Angeles, with the modification of alternating ‘contemporary jazz tracks with pop vocals. First called “Quiet Storm,” the station changed the format name to “Smooth Jazz” in the late 1980s. KTWV was owned by Clear Channel Communications. CCC created the smooth jazz play list, and then transmitted it electronically to its owned affiliates who added in regional names, events, and themes to make the station feel local. Since CCC was one of the world’s largest syndicated 12 West, Shannon. “Smooth Jazz Radio.” http://www.smooth- jazz.de/Essays/shannon.htm (accessed 2- 9- 05) 17 music programmers and owned approximately 1300 stations, the “Smooth Jazz” format and term became well known. 13 Many jazz- trained and popular musicians created music to meet the growing demand, and by 2005, “Smooth Jazz” had become one of the most commercially successful forms of jazz. Smooth Jazz musicians concentrate on producing polished, unobtrusive recordings that combine, in various degrees, technology with live performance. Individual parts are less important...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online