For example as early as 1934 duke ellington had

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Unformatted text preview: of a wide range 8Dow Dell, D.C. Jazz Milestones.” On website, A Passion for Jazz: Music History and Education. http://www.apassion4jazz.net (accessed 2- 9- 05) 12 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 of ethnic heritages. As such, jazz remains one of America’s greatest cultural achievements and contributions to the world community. HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL CONTEXT: PART TWO (1940- PRESENT) The 1940s and 50s: Bebop As the 1930s progressed, the emphasis in swing shifted more and more away from the intrinsic artistic worth of the music itself to the entertainment function of providing appropriate accompaniment to dancing. The rhythm became predictable, the performances became very polished, the bands got larger, and in order to coordinate everyone’s playing, the music was often precisely arranged and notated. Furthermore, there was a sense that what had been primarily black music had now been appropriated by white, mainstream culture. There was resentment among many Black musicians because of the way White musicians in the thirties had “stolen” their music. There was also dissatisfaction with the static condition of jazz at the end of the swing era as exemplified by White bands...In the opinion of Blacks, an inertness had pervaded swing as a result of commerm and the distorting effect of Tin Pan Alley. When the swing movement was in the hands of Black musicians, it was comparatively safe from commercial dilution because of the color bar and the prevalent attitude of White society toward Black performers...Because the swing movement had degenerated, it became obvious that jazz must either seek a revolutionary solution or struggle vainly against Tin Pan Alley.9 Several of the more creative and restless musicians, particularly Charlie Christian, a guitarist in the Benny Goodman orchestra, inspired a younger generation of musicians to search for new harmonies and different ways to play their instruments. The most important and first truly influential of these young musicians was the saxophonist Charlie Parker. Charlie Parker and “Dizzy” Gillespie In the 1930s, working in Kansas City playing with a big band led by Jay M...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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