He later worked with paul whitemans orchestra an

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Unformatted text preview: on of the city). Storyville businessmen hired pianists (who by the nature of their instrument could not join the mobile, outdoor street bands) to provide music primarily in the gambling houses and cabarets of the district. But in the bands outside and elsewhere in the city, the basic instrumentation of the jazz ensemble was getting established. The rhythm section was comprised of string bass (sometimes replaced by tuba, guitar, or banjo) and drums. To this was added the melodic section, which would include two brass instruments (cornet, trumpet, or trombone) and two reed instruments (earlier the clarinet, and later the saxophone). By the turn of the century, there were several outstanding bands playing in this new style. One of the best of these early bands was Charles “Buddy” Bolden’s Ragtime Band. Although not yet called “jazz,” the music that these musicians were playing was different from what had been before. It was freer, fiercer, and more informal, and before long, it would be called “jazz.” The 1920’s: The Migration of Jazz Out of New Orleans New Orleans was a seaport and, in 1917, the Secretary of the Navy decided that it was unsafe, unhealthy, and immoral for his sailors to frequent the brothels in Storeyville. He succeeded in obtaining a government order to close all the brothels. Although popular jazz history claims that it was this closing that forced all of the jazz musicians to move to other cities to find work, the reality is that the vast majority of musicians were not working in Storeyville (which hired primarily the pianists) and the expansion of jazz to various other cities had already begun, spread through the great migration that affected Blacks in all professions. For example, Jelly Roll Morton had begun his travels in 1904, using his skills as a ragtime pianist to escape the intense Creole prejudice that by now existed in New Orleans. There were three main cities that became the centers for unique styles of jazz: Chicago, New York, and Kansas City. (See Sidetrip: Jazz Migrates Out of New Orleans for specifics.) These various styles all cross- influenced each other and somewhere in this mix, a style known as “swing” was born. The 1930s and 40s: The Swing Era Although there were some exceptions, swing was “big band” music. In the early years...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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