Jazz lab keep track of your answers to the lab

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Unformatted text preview: the development of the jazz phrasing which came to characterize the jazz vocal style. Most of these jazz singers became famous in conjunction with big bands. Ella Fitzgerald first achieved prominence singing with Chick Webb’s band in the 1930s, and her first record, “Love and Kisses” was recorded with Webb and released in 1935. Sarah Vaughan began working with Earl Hine’s band as a “second” vocalist and then went on to record in 1944 with a band organized by Billy Eckstein (the first of the big- voiced male band singers to achieve wide popularity). Although most of the singers were female, there were male singers as well, many also coming out of the blues tradition as “blues shouters”- - - named for their firm, full- voiced singing style that contrasted with the quieter, often rougher sound of the traditional blues performers. Some of the best known male singers were Big Joe Turner who achieved wide popularity working with the boogie- woogie pianist Pete Johnson in the 1930s, and Jimmy Rushing, who sang with Bennie Moten’s Orchestra in the 1920s and with Count Basie beginning in 1935. Vocal Jazz: Scat and Vocalese Along with this shift from the large, big bands of swing to the small combos of bop came two new styles of vocal jazz: scat and vocalese. Scat uses the voice as an instrument to produce sounds rather than to sing words. Using nonsense syllables such as “scop- bop- a- de- bop,” scatting is usually done in a fast, playful manner. Scatting was done earlier in jazz as a novelty device in swing- - - apparently invented by Louis Armstrong, who said that he started to scat one 35 night when he was singing a song and forgot the words. The basic concept of using the voice to create sounds that contribute to the overall musical and rhythmic texture was a common African tradition. But during the bop era, musicians such as Babs Gonzales, Joe Carroll, Melvin Moore and Dizzie Gillespie used scat extensively, bringing an energetic humor to bop. Vocalese combined the instrumental style of scat with words. Singers took a melody and a good jazz instrumentalist’s improvisation on that melody and then they would write stream- of- consciousness words to it. Although this approach appears to have bee...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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