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Unformatted text preview: But “Classicism” is perhaps more widespread. Ken Burns ‘2001, 10- episode 13 Rodger, “A Small Piece of Smooth Jazz Historical Trivia” http://www.smooth- (accessed 2- 8- 05) 18 Crossroads: Music of American Cultures (Barkley) Kendall Hunt Publishers, 2013 documentary on jazz was very popular and exposed the general public to jazz’s history and various styles. In 2002, the Smithsonian launched its annual “Jazz Appreciation Month” to pay tribute to jazz as both an historic and living art form. In 2003, President George W. Bush signed Public Law 108- 72 which urges “musicians, schools, colleges, libraries, concert halls, museums, radio and television stations, and other organizations…(to)…develop programs to explore, perpetuate, and honor Jazz as a national and world treasure.” In 2005, the National Endowment for the Arts created “Jazz in the Schools,” an educational resource for high school teachers to help them create curriculum for students to explore Jazz as an indigenous American art form and as a means to understand American history.14 As a consequence of these efforts and the renewed interest in jazz, every earlier jazz style continues to exist. Whole “revival” and “preservation” musical organizations have been founded to maintain New Orleans style jazz. High schools and colleges across the country continue to maintain jazz bands and combos playing predominantly swing and bebop- style jazz. Many professional and amateur musicians still form smaller jazz combos that play bop, cool jazz and hard bop as well as the new fusion styles. It is clear that we are not only drawing upon a century’s worth of jazz styles founded in African- American traditions, but that we will continue to enjoy various fusions as musicians integrate jazz with the musical traditions of a wide range of ethnic heritages. As such, jazz remains one of America’s greatest cultural achievements and contributions to the world community. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS Click here to access the listening examples, or copy the following URL into a new browser window: Jazz consists of many different styles, each with unique characteristics. In addition, many styles developed as a reaction against a prior style. For example, Bebop was created to bring back the energy musicians...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014.

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