NASMidterm1Guide

many were not present until the arrival of

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Unformatted text preview: uture generations their ancestral territories and their ethnic identity, insisting on their right to self- determination. Self- identification Self- identification as an indigenous individual and acceptance as such by the group is an essential component of indigenous peoples’ sense of identity. Their continued existence as peoples is closely connected to their possibility to influence their own fate and to live in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal systems. Land rights and natural resources Indigenous peoples often inhabit land, which is rich in minerals and natural resources. Indigenous peoples have prior rights to their territories, lands and resources, but often these have been taken from them or they have been threatened to leave. Indigenous peoples face serious difficulties such as constant threats of territorial invasion and murder, plundering of their resources, cultural and legal discrimination, as well as a lack of recognition of their own institutions. Definition of the concept of 'indigenous peoples' There is no universal and unambiguous definition of the concept of 'indigenous peoples', but there are a number of criteria by which indigenous peoples globally can be identified and from which each group can be characterised. Definition of the concept of 'indigenous peoples' There is no universal and unambiguous definition of the concept of 'indigenous peoples', but there are a number of criteria by which indigenous peoples globally can be identified and from which each group can be characterised. The most widespread approaches are those proposed in the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention no.169 and in the Martinéz Cobo Report to the UN Sub- Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination of Minorities (1986). Furthermore an approach suggested by the Chairperson of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations Mme. Erica- Irene Daes is widely used. The approach by the ILO Convention 169 The ILO Convention no. 169 states that a people are considered indigenous either: ● because they are descendants of those who lived in the area before colonization;7 or ● because they...
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This document was uploaded on 02/17/2014.

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