NASMidterm1Guide

2 in either case this type of indigenismo seeks to

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Unformatted text preview: ast wrongdoings of the colonial and republican states. - Termination/Removal - B.I.A (1871) - Indian Protection Service (1910 Brazil) - Instituto Nacional Indigenista (Mx.1925) - Department of Rural Schools for the incorporation of of indigenous culture (1945) - Mexico J.Vasconcelos - “La Raza Cosmica” - Eurocentrism vs ethnocentrism indio vs cholo vs ladino vs mestizo - self- development: includes activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitate employability, enhance quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations vs. ethno- development: means of countering ethnocide by enabling ethnic, minority, and/or exploited groups to revive values of their specific culture with a focus on strengthening their ability to resist exploitation and oppression and especially, their independent decision- making power through more effective control of the political, economic, social, and cultural processes affecting their development vs. sustainable development:mode of human development in which resource use aims to meet human needs while ensuring the sustainability of natural systems and the environment, so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come Requerimiento (the “Requirement”) Franz Boas - figure against evolutionism and social darwinism=rejection of evolutionary approaches - Inuit language - immigrant skulls to disprove biological racism - ethnographic method: Pacific NW - (attempt to understand within one`s society aka cultural relativism) - father of american anthropology - He later argued against contemporary theories of racial distinction between humans. His work culminated with his theory of relativism, which discredited prevailing beliefs that Western civilization is superior to simpler societies. Sapir/Whorf hypothesis - more linguistic complexity around things that are important to a culture - Edward Sapir (19th century- 20th century) - linguistic determinism: if you have more words for something… you will think about something - in american cul...
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This document was uploaded on 02/17/2014.

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