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His work culminated with his theory of relativism

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Unformatted text preview: ture we have a lot of nouns>things=self absorbed>materialism - shows value of linguistic diversity Hernán Cortés conqusiatdore for Spain - aztecs (1200- 1521) 1300, they settled in the valley of Mexico. Grew corn. Engaged in frequent warfare to conquer others of the region. Worshipped many gods (polytheistic). Believed the sun god needed human blood to continue his journeys across the sky. Practiced human sacrifices and those sacrificed were captured warriors from other tribes and those who volunteered for the honor. Reducciones (literally “reductions”) - Indian Reductions (Spanish: reducciones) were mission towns established by Spanish Jesuit missionaries in Central and South America, built and occupied by the forced relocation of indigenous populations. By consolidating the previously scattered populations, Spain was able to take advantage of the slave labor and rule them more easily. - destroyed the longstanding and key kin and other familial relationships between villages - increased the risk of smallpox transmission;7 as the native population had no natural immunity to this new disease, they suffered very high fatalities from its epidemics.) - Spanish colonists completely controlled and exploited the indigenous population, under the guise of attempting to culturally transform and "hispanicize" or assimilate them. - "was to establish direct state control and facilitate the church's Christianization of the native population, while enhancing the collection of the tribute tax and the allocation of labor - the Spanish colonists could more easily enforce their systems of forced tribute tax and forced labor, known as mita in Spanish. Besides the settlements under the Toledo reforms, the Franciscans and the Jesuits also organized reductions, mainly in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Valladolid debates The Valladolid debate (1550–1551) concerned the treatment of natives of the New World. - city of Valladolid, SPAIN - colonization of the Americas - Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas argued that the Amerindians were free men in the natural order and deserved the same treatment as others, according to Catholic theology - Dominican Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, who insisted that "in order to uproot crimes that offend nature" the Indians should be punished...
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