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By 1000 BCE, pastoralists controlled networks of
exchange throughout Inner Eurasia .
exchange 33 Expanding Networks:
Between 300 BCE and 300 CE,
long periods of stability and
prosperity in states throughout
Afroeurasia stimulated interest in
long distance trade.
and the exchange of goods,
became regular, organized, and
protected by large empires.
The Silk Roads carried shipments
of Chinese silk but also many
other 34 Expanding Networks:
On the Silk Roads, goods changed
hands many times. Parthians,
Indians, Kushans, Uigurs, and
others acted as middlemen, selling
and bartering goods, and taking
Caravans passing west carried silk,
porcelain, jade, bronze, and spices.
Those traveling east shipped gold
and silver coins, ivory, gemstones,
glassware, and carpets.
35 Expanding Networks:
Sea routes ran down the
Red Sea and Persian Gulf,
across the Arabian Sea and
Bay of Bengal, and through
the Straits of Malacca to the
South China Sea.
These sea lanes often linked
up with overland routes,
facilitating travel, trade, and
the exchange of ideas
Ship 36 Expanding Networks:
Empires had formed in Afroeurasia as
early as Big Era Three. Although many
claimed vast territories, most did not
survive for long.
In the 4th century BCE, Alexander the
Great amassed an empire that stretched
from Greece to India. Upon his death,
however, the empire fragmented.
The later centuries of Big Era Four saw
the rise of new empires that both
dominated huge expanses of land and
remained unified for a long time. The
Largest of these were the Han and
37 Large Empires of Afroeurasia
500 BCE - 500 CE Rome Byzantium Kush Kushana
Han Axum 38 Expanding Networks:
Writing Cool! • Alphabetic writing systems appeared
in the later second millennium BCE....
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- Fall '13