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2011-09-08-Industrial rev

Contrast spiritual anecdote to industrialization he

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Unformatted text preview: they were welding pieces together • Prefabricated fantasy as a result of the IR • It was a triumph for Britain • It had exhibitions from all around the world but mainly England DISCUSSION PART OF THE CLASS: • Pugin: (Godfather of the Arts and Crafts movement) • The two books he wrote: o Contrast: spiritual anecdote to industrialization; he proposed the gothic style as a national style o Principles of Appointed Architecture: 1. Honesty Form following function Materials Ornamentation o John Ruskin (disciple of Pugin) • Also wrote two books: o Stones of Venice: Gothic -> Gothic Community, Renaissance 1. Nature of the Gothic (one of the chapters) o William Morris (founder of Sot League) • Interior designer • Major idea: Total Work of Art (which will follow into Modern Architecture as “Gesamptskunstwerk” • Camelot o Red House (designed by Philip Webb) o Kelmscott • C.C.R Ashbee (Guild of Handicraft) Modernism • Form follows function (functionalism, scientific method) • No use of natural materials (telluric of the earth) because it represents the past; they wanted to do industrial materials (steel, concrete, glass etc..) • No ornamentation (Adolf Loos, Ornament and Crime) • Reveal bare bones Industrial Age Marx • Social Division (The Country and the City) o Pugin, Rusking, Carlyle, Morris (all based on Sot politics and Sot engineering) • Architecture is antidote; that it can change people’s lives • Modernism o Idealism Honesty Materials Forms SPIRITUAL IDEA -> SECULAR IDEA...
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