Descartessaidthatthemindconsists ofbothinnateideas

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: re-scientific: mechanistic, pre-ordained (pre-wired) Descartes- “Dualism”- the idea that the body and the mind were separate entities that interact at a brain site called the Pineal Body (gland). Descartes said that the mind consists of both innate ideas (present at birth) and derived (learned) experiences. 4. Scientific: The start of what we today call psychology W. Wundt- In 1879 at Leipzig, Germany- established the 1st laboratory for the study of psychology. His method of study • • • What resulted was a kind of “Mental Chemistry” If we look at something, our eyes and brains break it down into Gestalt Psychology Wertheimer, Koffka, & Kohler: Argued against Wundt- said that perceptions are greater than the 5. American Historical Aspects G. Stanley Hall - Wundt’s student. Established the 1st psychology laboratory at Johns Hopkins (1883) Titchener-student of Wundt- brought “Structuralism” to America. His Structuralism was more strictly descriptive than was the Structuralism of Wundt. Darwin (actually British) – Darwin asked: What is the function of a trait or behavior? Darwin felt that Individual differences are inherited. Darwin’s ideas featured Evolution- features and capabilities that offer an advantage over competition tend to survive (and reproduce). Darwin’s thinking has led to ideas such as: Consciousness- must be adaptive, i.e., it must have a function or it wouldn’t exist. Night/Color/3-D vision – all must have a function. William James - founded a school of thought called: “Functionalism” This approach emphasized the study of consciousness, thinking and feeling. Functionalism really gave rise to modern American psychology. Thorndike -1st to use animals as subjects. Pavlov (Russian) - Conditioning (learning) in dogs Behaviorism featured the study of observable behavior only. The study of learning was prominent (Behaviorism was founded by Watson). Watson, John- said that we should study only what we can measure… Behavior The role of experience was all that mattered--- little thought to heredity, physiology… NO INSTINCTS! Instincts are pre-wired behaviors – organisms are said to be born with behavior already programmed John B. Watson “Principles of Behav...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 02/18/2014 for the course PYSC 107 at Texas A&M.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online