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Unformatted text preview: ior (1913)
“I have in mind an experiment. Take an infant – regardless of
talent, or predilection, so long as he is essentially healthy – And I
of him whatever you like. I will produce an artist, soldier, doctor,
priest, ; or I will raise him to be a thief. You may decide. The infant
capable of all these things. All that is required is training, time,
and a properly controlled environment.” Skinner- Behaviorism - there are environmental determinants of behavior. If you do something and get rewarded- you tend to do it again. If you do something and are punished, that behavior tends to be suppressed.
Skinner is known for the scientific study of Behavior:
1. Stimuli – Responses – Consequences
SD --- R------Srf 2. Reinforcement & Punishment Freud- Psychodynamic featured unconscious processes, psychoanalysis, and the role of early sexual experiences. Unconscious processes determine a lot of behavior and emotions.
Ever wonder why you did something???? Current Perspectives
Neuroscience (Biological) – physiological explanations for psychological phenomena.
Use of lesions (sham rage), stimulation (O&M).
Brain Damage: Which parts of the brain control what (Broca - Speech)?? Evolutionary- natural selection as a factor determining what we are today.
Natural Selection- those that are most fit survive and reproduce.
Malthus, Darwin, Wallace More recent evolutionary ideas: E.O.Wilson and Sociobiology
There is a biological (Evolutionary) bases for human behavior
Helping Behavior…. WHY???
Sickle-Cells as protection against malaria.
Concept of “Beauty”; Fat cells
“Flesh-Eating” (aka Necrotizing fasciitis) due to evolving antibiotic resistance in streptococcus/staphylococcus MRSA
Black Plague--- Yersinia pestis – is it still around? Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (SSRI) Behavior Genetics- Role of genes in psychology
Nature-Nurture- the debate as to whether nature (genes, biology) or nurture (environment, learning, experience) are the most important factor in determining one’s psychology characteristics. General consensus: There is an interactive relationship between Nature and Nurture. Both are important and compensation can occur.
Human Genome research Knock out technology...
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- Fall '14