Unformatted text preview: and from where do
What systems must develop and what systems
Only possible with the division of labor
What are the manifest and latent effects? Monetary systems inevitably lead to
economic concerns which inevitably lead to
rational economic action
Why does it happen this way?
What are the manifest and latent effects?
______________________________________________________ What are the principle themes of classic social
theorists? Karl Marx:
Class Marx’s Contributions:
Understood specialized wage labor as
the basis of capitalism and capitalists—
of proletariats and bourgeoisie
Recognized the division and conflict of
Haves and Have-Nots
Argued that material life leads to cultural
consciousness; i.e., structure culture
And inevitably, a worker’s paradise: “Workers of the world, unite!” Emile Durkheim: Cultural morality and Integration
Cultural Durkheim’s Contributions:
Durkheim designates a separate system
of phenomena described as social facts
Division of Labor—mechanical and
The individual situated in a modern
Social cohesion vs. anomie
Social forces affect people’s lives Max Weber:
Max Religion and Rationality
Religion Weber’s Contributions:
The basis of modernity is its orientation
towards rational means.
Such a system continues along a trajectory
of increasing rationality—towards the
eventuality of “hyper-rationality”.
And ultimately such rationality leads to the
irrationality of the “iron cage”.
For Weber, culture social structure
Question: Were these thinkers
pessimists or optimists?
pessimists Sociology in North America
Social Reform vs. Soci...
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- Spring '08