ENGL Final NOtes - Invention of the printing press...

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Invention of the printing press; Protestant reformation 1517; Voyages of exploration Experimental Science Petrarch : love as a monarch; male lovers subjected to forces outside of their control; love as an indepdent cosmic force; feelings vs reason; hyperbolic; conciets Rebirth; Knowledge of past rediscovered Imaginatively reappropriated to illuminate the present writers hoped to build a bridge HUMANIST: Scholars unearthing literature of antiquity ; LITERAE HUMANIORES Ethics, history, rhetoric, poetry Rebirth of classical converging with new religious movements ERASMUS: new translation of the Bible from Greek to Latin; new access allowed people to question; VULGATE : St. Jerome’s Latin translation; Valued originality: Rediscovering lost origins 16 th century: King HenryVII: house of TUDORS Q. E I: kept centralized power; a version of Diana/Cynthia; Courtiership and courtship became almost interchangeable King James VI of Scotland King James I STUART MONARCHY The courtier; Hoby’s translation “Grace”: G. is a mysterious attribute; Sprezzatura; Success = mastering mastery of complexity without trying too hard. Paradoxical Pico della Mirandola; -Imagine God speaking to Adam on the day of his creation: “you can go towards heaven or toward the beast”; the double dynamic of Renaissance that gives way to expansiveness is also limited by the acknowledgment of boundaries AS YOU LIKE IT: Jacques stages of life as acts in a play; MEASURE FOR MEASURE: Isabella; man can’t compare to Heaven, yet

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