Unformatted text preview: t room temperature
2. Tend to come from animals
3. Contain no double bonds
4. Do not need saturated fats, such as cholesterol
2. Unsaturated fats
1. Are liquid at room temperature
2. Tend to come from plants
1. Organic molecules that are necessary in small amounts
2. Help to regulate metabolism
3. Found in enzymes
4. Two types
1. Water soluble
1. Able to be dissolved in water.
2. Include vitamins B and C
3. Excretory system can get rid of these types of vitamins
2. Fat soluble
1. Can be dissolved in fat
2. Examples include A, D, E, and K.
3. Excretory system cannot get rid of these types of vitamins
4. Is possible to get sick by taking these
1. Are inorganic nutrients that our bodies need
2. Classified into two major categories
1. Macro- minerals
1. Present in "large" quantities
2. Include calcium, phosphorous, and potassium
2. Trace- minerals
1. Present in small quantities
2. Include iron, fluoride, and copper
1. Food Groups
1. Although the food pyramid has changed, the six major food groups are still the
2. The Meat Group (and beans)
1. This includes poultry, beef, fish, nuts, and legumes.
2. Good source of protein, vitamins, as well as the minerals iron and
3. The Milk Group (AKA the Dairy Group)
1. Contains milk, cheese, ice cream, cottage cheese, and yogurt
2. Provides vitamin D, riboflavin, vitamin A, vitamin B6, and B12
4. The Fruit Group
1. Apples, bananas, pineapples, lemons, etc. (anything that comes from a
2. Provides vitamins A and C
5. The Vegetable Group
1. 3- 5 servings are required a day to obtain carbohydrates, minerals, and
2. Also good sources of folic acid and magnesium.
6. The Bread and Grain Group
1. Provide carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, protein, and fiber.
2. Should try to get anywhere from 25 to 35 grams of fiber a day
7. Limited Extras
1. Contains fats and sweets
2. Includes mayonnaise, butter, candy, and soft drinks.
1. Dieting/Weight Control
1. Dieting is defined as the practice of changing the amount and type of food one
2. Most people diet to lose weight
3. Crash Diets
1. Call for a drastic change in the way that one eats
2. Result is rapid weight loss
3. Are not healthy
1. The rebound effect
2. The weight lost is usually gained back
3. Weight gain is accompanied by muscle loss.
4. What is the healthy diet?
1. Excess weight is from lack of exercise, not f...
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- Winter '14