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Unformatted text preview: dipus complex development of incestuous desires among boys towards their mothers leading to rivalry with their fathers castration anxiety: fear of removal of the penis as punishment for having unacceptable sexual impulses • Elektra complex development of incestuous desires among girls towards their fathers leading to rivalry with their mothers penis envy: jealousy of boys for having a penis Stages of Personality Development
Stages Latency Stage (6puberty) • sexual impulses remain latent (dormant) during this time Genital Stage (from puberty) • development of mature sexuality and emphasis on procreation Psychoanalytic Theory
Psychoanalytic Evaluating the Psychodynamic perspective • increased awareness that unconscious drives and impulses may motivate behavior
• placed too much importance on sexual and aggressive drives; little emphasis on the role of social relationships in the development of personality
• lack of evidence to support many of the principles
• based on case studies
• difficult to test The Trait Perspective
The Traits relatively enduring (stable) personal characteristics • predict how people are likely to behave in different situations Raymond Cattell: Mapping the
Personality two basic levels of traits
surface traits—surface level, can be gleaned from observations of behavior • e.g., friendliness, stubbornness, emotionality, and carelessness source traits—deep level of personality, are not apparent in observed behavior but must be inferred based on underlying relationships among surface traits
Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) Raymond Cattell: Mapping the Personality
Raymond creative artists
writers Hans Eysenck: A Simpler Trait Model
Hans IntroversionExtraversion • introverts are solitary, reserved, and unsociable.
• extraverts are outgoing, friendly, and people oriented Neuroticism • high: tense, anxious, worrisome, restless, and ,moody
• low: relaxed, calm,...
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