PSY 101 Lecture 10-21-11

Five the mostwidelyadoptedmodelofpersonality

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Unformatted text preview: stable, even­tempered Psychoticism • high: cold, antisocial, hostile, insensitive • low: warm, sensitive, concerned about others Eysenck Personality Inventory Hans Eysenck: A Simpler Trait Model Hans Four basic personality types: extraverted­neurotic, extraverted­stable, introverted­stable, introverted­neurotic The Five-Factor Model of Personality: The “Big Five” The most widely adopted model of personality integrates factors identified by Cattell, Eysenck, and others • • • • • Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Agreeableness Consciousness The Five-Factor Model of Personality: The “Big Five” The most widely adopted model of personality integrates factors identified by Cattell, Eysenck, and others The Big Five The Extraversion Neuroticism Openness Conscientiousness Agreeableness The Social Cognitive Perspective The Albert Bandura reciprocal determinism—cognitions, behaviors, and environmental factors influence each other e.g., a motorist is cut off by another motorist—road rage The Social Cognitive Perspective The role of observational learning: learning by observing and imitating the behavior of others in social contexts outcome expectancies: predictions of the outcomes of behavior efficacy expectations: predictions about your personal ability to perform behaviors you set to accomplish The Social Cognitive Perspective The Walter Mischel situation variables: environmental factors (e.g., rewards and punishments) person variables: internal person factors competencies: the knowledge and skills we posses encoding strategies: personal perceptions of events • self­regulatory systems and plans: ability to plan courses of actions to achieve our goals and to reward ourselves for accomplishing them • • Humanistic Perspective Humanistic conscious choice and personal freedom are central features of what it means to be a human being Carl Rogers • people strive toward self actualization • self­theory: focuses on the importance of the se...
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This document was uploaded on 02/20/2014 for the course PSY 101 at SUNY Buffalo.

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